Psychologist Duties

Psychologist duties. Psychologists are scientists who study human behavior. Their job involves teaching, social service and research in schools, government agencies, companies and clinics. Many Psychologists are in private practice. Clinical psychologists are of great help to emotionally or mentally unsound people in understanding their problems and coping with it. Psychiatrists differ from psychologist as the latter is not a physician.

The following is the psychologists duty :

Assessment. The first psychologists duties,  psychologists routinely use tests and assessment to aid in diagnosing a mental health condition for a patient. These tests help get a basic understanding of the connections between someone's thoughts and feelings and the subsequent behaviors causing problems. Depending on the reason a patient makes an appointment, tests may be used t evaluate intelligence, cognitive abilities, vocational qualities, personality and neuropsychological functioning.

Short-Term Help. Some people turn to psychologists for help getting through traumatic life experiences. The death of a close family member or friend, for instance, may motivate people to find grief counseling. Psychologists can help people sort through their feelings as the go through the stages of grief. Getting a new job, moving or relationship struggles are other common short-term challenges that cause people to meet with clinical psychologists.

Ongoing Care. Clinical psychologists also offer long-term counsel for people suffering from more chronic mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety or substance abuse. Diagnosing the patient's condition and then treating it with the appropriate therapeutic methods are common practice. Psychologists commonly meet with patients once a week or every two weeks to review progress and discuss challenges.

Goal Setting. Typically, one of the first things a psychologist does with a new patient is help him to set goals for treatment. Someone combating substance abuse may have a variety of goals, for instance, including staying clean or sober for a certain amount of time, ending relationships with problematic people and getting or keeping a job. Staying up-to-date on current research and therapeutic practices helps the psychologist to assist patients in setting manageable goals and working toward them.

Therapy. The primary treatment offered by psychologists is therapy. Patients requiring medicinal treatment go to a psychiatrist and those requiring more extensive care are referred to mental health facilities or substance abuse programs. Psychotherapy includes individual, couples, family and group sessions. With children or in family scenarios, the psychologist wants to including everyone involved in the patient's daily life to get their support and aid in modifying lifestyle and behavior. Couples normally receive marriage counseling. Group therapies are used as a way to generate mutual support among people struggling with similar challenges. Facilitating these sessions and getting patients to open up are normal psychologist functions.
The above is the duty of psychologists

Types of Psychologists


There are many different types of psychologists, including the following:

  • Clinical psychologists
  • Counseling psychologists
  • Developmental psychologists
  • Industrial-organizational psychologists
  • Neuropsychologists
  • Research psychologists
  • School psychologists


Clinical psychology is the most common subspecialty. Clinical psychologists work in hospitals, private practices, and clinics. They help patients deal with illnesses (e.g., stroke, chronic pain), injuries (e.g., spinal cord injury), and personal crises (e.g., divorce, death of a loved one).

Counseling psychologists assist patients in coping with every day living. They advise patients based on various test results and interviews, and often work in university counseling centers, hospitals, and in private practice.

Developmental psychologists specialize in behavior and development during specific stages of life (e.g., infancy, childhood, adolescence, elderly). They also study the effects of developmental disabilities.

Industrial-organizational psychologists attempt to improve productivity and quality of life in the workplace. They are involved in marketing and management research; conduct screening, training, and counseling; and are often hired as consultants.

Neuropsychologists specialize in the study of brain behavior relationships. They have extensive training in brain and spinal cord function and how that function affects cognitive activities such as awareness, reasoning, judgment, learning, and memory.

Research psychologists study human behavior and the behavior of laboratory animals in research centers, universities, government agencies, businesses, and nonprofit organizations. They conduct experiments dealing with motivation, thinking, attention, and memory.

School psychologists work with teachers, parents, and school personnel to resolve learning and behavioral problems in elementary and secondary schools. They improve learning and teaching strategies, classroom management, and parenting skills, and attempt to reduce substance abuse. School psychologists also work with students with disabilities and with gifted students.


If your career is to become a psychologist, you’d begin your education with an undergrad major in psychological science. When earning either a bachelor of science in psychological science or a bachelor of art in psychological science, you’d then got to attend a graduate program to earn a masters degree farther as a academic doctorate degree in psychological science. Following undergrad categories, there’s a further 5 to 7 years needed for earning a academic doctorate degree. See requirements to become a psychologist.

Most states need a 2 year internship before you’re eligible for licensing or with 2 years of supervised apply. Whereas earning a degree, you’ll be able to additionally value more highly to concentrate on a selected field of psychological science. Which can need extra class time and/or extra state exams for licensure. A psychologists can also apply as a psychoanalyst. Which needs addition practice to become a professional in a non-medication psychological state treatment technique called psychoanalysis.